University of Khartoum

Effect of Sowing and Harvesting Methods on Losses of Sesame Crop in Gadaref State

Effect of Sowing and Harvesting Methods on Losses of Sesame Crop in Gadaref State

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Title: Effect of Sowing and Harvesting Methods on Losses of Sesame Crop in Gadaref State
Author: Ismaeel, Ezzaldeen Mohamed Bakr
Abstract: : Sesame harvesting represents a real problem in its production areas in the Sudan. This study was conducted in the mechanized rainfed scheme of Gedarif State at Shashina area, about 40 Km South East of Gedarif town, during season 2013 /2014. The objectives were to compare mechanical and manual harvesting methods of sesame crop in two sowing methods, to estimate harvesting losses and to determine harvesting cost. The treatments included two sowing methods (row planting and broadcasting with wide level disc) at a seed rate of 2.4 kg/ha; and two harvesting methods (mechanical and manual). The treatments were arranged in a split plot experiment in a completely randomized design with three replicates. Two harvest losses were determined; uncut plants as well as cut and untied plants. Results showed that uncut plant losses were 9 and 21 kg/ha when using cutter binder for row planting and broadcasting, respectively; whereas it was 0 kg/ha for manual harvesting in both sowing methods. The results of untied plant losses when using cutter binder for row planting and broadcasting were 29.6 and 37.0 kg/ha, respectively; while in manual harvesting it was 16.7 for row planting and 7.0 kg/ha for broadcasting. The harvesting of sesame by cutter binder gave the lowest cost (476 SDG/ha) compared to manual harvesting method (857 SDG/ha). It is concluded that row planting reduced total losses in both mechanical and manual harvesting methods
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17132
Date: 2015-11-16


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