University of Khartoum

Dietary Habits of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Khartoum State

Dietary Habits of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Khartoum State

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Title: Dietary Habits of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Khartoum State
Author: Ahmed, Amel Elsadig Magzoub
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to investigate dietary habits and life style patterns of patients with colorectal cancer CRC in Khartoum State and to describe their socioeconomic characteristics and their nutritional status. The study consisted of 110 patients with CRC, and 100 controls. Samples were selected from patients admitted to Soba University Hospital, RICK Hospital, Ibn-Sina Hospital, Military Hospital and Omdurman Hospital, in Khartoum State (June 2011- June 2012). Data collection included questionnaires focused on some socioeconomic characteristics, medical history, dietary habits, anthropometric measurements, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activities. Patients’ ages ranged from 18 years to more than 70 years, with mean age of 47.5±15.9. The majority of the CRC patients were among the age group 18-40 years old (42%). Male to female ratio was 1.1:1. Most of the CRC patients were from the central of Sudan (42.7%), followed by those coming from the West (30%). Significantly (P<0.05) higher percentage of CRC patients belong to lower socioeconomic status, thus, only 5.5% of them live in luxurious houses compared to 38% among the controls. Concerning the nutritional status (BMI), the study found 40% of the CRC patients were underweight and 22.2% were either overweight or obese. But there were no significant differences. Regarding the food habits, significantly (p<0.05) lower percentage of CRC patients consume sorghum as their staple food compared to controls (60.9% vs. 82%, respectively). On the other hand, significantly (p<0.05) higher percentage of CRC patients consumes wheat as their staple (94.5% vs. 84%, respectively). Concerning the consumption of fruits and vegetables, a significantly (p<0.05) higher percentage of CRC patients was observed among those with poor consumption of fruits (40.9% vs. 22.4% respectively), but there were no significant difference regarding vegetables consumption. The preference of eating red meat was found to be significantly (P<0.05) higher among the CRC patients compared to controls (91.8% vs. 48%) respectively. The study also found significantly (p<0.05) higher percentage of CRC patients do not practice any type of sport (85% vs. 55%, respectively). Also significantly (p<0.05) higher percentage of CRC patients was found among smokers (15.5% vs. 4%, respectively). In conclusion, this study provides support that changes in diet and lifestyle of the Sudanese could play an important role in reducing CRC incidence. Thus, intervention nutritional programs focusing on reducing fat and red meat intake as well as increasing fruits and vegetables intake, with more in depth researches, on the role of some of the Sudanese staple foods such as sorghum in prevention of CRC.
Description: 46 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17145
Date: 2015-11-16


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