University of Khartoum

Genetic Susceptibility to Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Sudan: Linkage and Association with IL4 and IFNGR1

Genetic Susceptibility to Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Sudan: Linkage and Association with IL4 and IFNGR1

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Title: Genetic Susceptibility to Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Sudan: Linkage and Association with IL4 and IFNGR1
Author: Khalil, Eltahir Awad G.; Ibrahim, Muntaser E.
Abstract: Longitudinal studies in Sudan show ethnic differences in incidence and clinical phenotypes associated with Leishmania donovani. Immunologically, bias in type 1 vs type 2 cytokine responses is important. To determine whether polymorphisms at IL4/IL9 or IFNGR1 contribute to susceptibility, we examined 59 multicase families of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) with/without post Kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL). Multipoint nonparametric analysis (Allegro) linked IL4/IL9 to VL per se (P¼0.002). Transmission disequilibrium testing with robust variance estimates confirmed association in the presence of linkage between VL per se and IL4 (P¼0.008) but not IL9. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed both IL4RP2 and IL4RP1 markers contributed significantly to the association, suggesting a common disease-associated haplotype. In contrast, IFNGR1 was linked (P¼0.031) and associated (P¼0.007) to PKDL but not VL or VL per se. Hence, polymorphism in a type 2 cytokine gene influences underlying susceptibility to VL, whereas IFNGR1 is specifically related to susceptibility to PKDL. Genes and Immunity (2003) 4, 351–355. doi:10.1038/sj.gene.6363977.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17147
Date: 2015-11-16


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