University of Khartoum

Oral Health and Related Quality of Life of Sudanese Children Undergoing Renal Dialysis in Khartoum State

Oral Health and Related Quality of Life of Sudanese Children Undergoing Renal Dialysis in Khartoum State

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Title: Oral Health and Related Quality of Life of Sudanese Children Undergoing Renal Dialysis in Khartoum State
Author: Hassan, Mashael Zuhair
Abstract: Back ground: Oral health related quality of life is an adjuvant measure to the traditional clinical assessment that focus on the person’s social, psychological, and physical impact of the oral disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Sudanese children undergoing renal dialysis and to assess the impact of their oral health on daily performance using the Child Oral Impact on Daily Performance questionnaire (Child-OIDP). Method: A total of 53 children aged 10-15 years old attending the paediatric renal dialysis centre in Khartoum state participated in the study. A questionnaire designed to assess the oral impact on daily performance was filled and followed by clinical assessment of oral health. Results: The Child-OIDP index revealed acceptable validity and reliability when used among Sudanese children undergoing renal dialysis. About two thirds of the participants reported an oral health related impact on quality of life. The daily performances like eating and the emotional status were the most common daily performances 7 affected by oral impairments, followed by cleaning of the mouth. The most common associated impairment was oral dryness followed by unpleasant taste. Girls reported a significantly higher impact than boys (P value=0.013). Half of the participants had caries experience with a mean DMFT of 2.02(SD=2.5), the plaque index ranged from 0.7 to 3.0 with a mean of 1.8 (SD=0.53). Two thirds of the participants had stains and 71% of the participants had enamel defects, the most common was enamel opacity in 69.8% of the participant. Conclusion: Sudanese children undergoing renal dialysis demonstrated a poor oral health status accompanied by functional limitations, emotional and social well-being impact related to their oral health. Recognizing their situation may contribute to the planning of dental services programme that improve their oral health as well as oral health related quality of life.
Description: 92page
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17148
Date: 2015-11-16


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