University of Khartoum

The Role of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice on The Control of Visceral Leishmaniasis and Vectors Abundance in El-Gedareif State

The Role of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice on The Control of Visceral Leishmaniasis and Vectors Abundance in El-Gedareif State

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Title: The Role of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practice on The Control of Visceral Leishmaniasis and Vectors Abundance in El-Gedareif State
Author: Khalil, Nijmeldin Ibrahim
Abstract: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, kala-azar), caused by Leishmania donovani is a major health problem in Sudan and other East African countries. The present study aimed to find out the role of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the inhabitants of El-Asera village in the control of Kala-azar. An additional objective of the present work was to study the abundance of the Leishmaniadonovani vectors in the same village. The study was conducted in (El-Aseraa village, Gedareif State Eastern Sudan) during the period April-May, 2013. The area is a zoon tic focus of visceral leishmaniasis. An intensive house to house survey was conducted. An adopted questionnaire was used to survey for (120) householder. CDC (Center for Disease Control; USA) light traps were operated overnight (from 18:00-06:00 HR). The experiment was replicated 4 times in 4 consecutive nights. Phlebotomus sand flies captured in each trap were identified to the species level, using keys of Kirk and Lewis. Numbers of sand flies caught each night were tabulated according to species, sex and trap location. Oil traps were also used in vectors survey. The result point out that, the significant factors to control of Kala-azar disease were known by the interviewed: as (83.3 %) recognize that kala-azar is fatal if not treated. Awareness of the disease symptoms was evident in (70.8%). The consequence of good quality diet during treatment and its role on recovery was noticed in (95.8%) of the interviewed. All the interviewed have knowledge about the existing control methods. On the other hand, the study showed that (60%) of the house holders haven't responded to the provided presentations about Kala-azar from authorities of health education Sectors. The study recorded (10) species of sand flies. The most abundant was the vector of Kala-azar Phelbotomus orientalis.
Description: 99 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17157
Date: 2015-11-16


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