University of Khartoum

A clinical algorithm for triaging patients with significant lymphadenopathy in primary health care settings in Sudan

A clinical algorithm for triaging patients with significant lymphadenopathy in primary health care settings in Sudan

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Title: A clinical algorithm for triaging patients with significant lymphadenopathy in primary health care settings in Sudan
Author: Khalil, Eltahir Awad G.; El Hag, Imad A.; Elsiddig, Kamal E.; Elsafi, Mohamed E.; Elfaki, Mona E.
Abstract: Tuberculosis is a major health problem in developing countries. The distinction between tuberculous lymphadenitis, non-specific lymphadenitis and malignant lymph node enlargement has to be made at primary health care levels using easy, simple and cheap methods. Objective: To develop a reliable clinical algorithm for primary care settings to triage cases of non-specific, tuberculous and malignant lymphadenopathies. Methods: Calculation of the odd ratios (OR) of the chosen predictor variables was carried out using logistic regression. The numerical score values of the predictor variables were weighed against their respective OR. The performance of the score was evaluated by the ROC (Receiver Operator Characteristic) curve. Results: Four predictor variables; Mantoux reading, erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR), nocturnal fever and discharging sinuses correlated significantly with TB diagnosis and were included in the reduced model to establish score A. For score B, the reduced model included Mantoux reading, ESR, lymph-node size and lymph-node number as predictor variables for malignant lymph nodes. Score A ranged 0 to 12 and a cut-off point of 6 gave a best sensitivity and specificity of 91% and 90% respectively, whilst score B ranged -3 to 8 and a cut-off point of 3 gave a best sensitivity and specificity of 83% and 76% respectively. The calculated area under the ROC curve was 0.964 (95% CI, 0.949 – 0.980) and -0.856 (95% CI, 0.787 ‑ 0.925) for scores A and B respectively, indicating good performance. Conclusion: The developed algorithm can efficiently triage cases with tuberculous and malignant lymphadenopathies for treatment or referral to specialised centres for further work-up.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17188
Date: 2015-11-17


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