University of Khartoum

Seroprevalece of Toxoplasma Parasite Among Pregnant Sudanese Women Attending Antenatal Care Units of Educational Hospitals and Private Clinic In Sinnar State

Seroprevalece of Toxoplasma Parasite Among Pregnant Sudanese Women Attending Antenatal Care Units of Educational Hospitals and Private Clinic In Sinnar State

Show full item record

Title: Seroprevalece of Toxoplasma Parasite Among Pregnant Sudanese Women Attending Antenatal Care Units of Educational Hospitals and Private Clinic In Sinnar State
Author: Mizo, Mustafa Mohammed El Sadig Sayed
Abstract: Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by members of the genus Toxoplasma, the parasites can infect all warm blood species, including humans. Infection in humans estimated to infect 30– 50% of the world population, Infections may result in asymptomatic latent infections, or lymph node, ocular, or central nervous system disease. The parasite has a complex life cycle. There are three infectious stages of T. gndii the tachyzoites , the bradyzoites, and the sporozoites. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmoisis and the risk factors pertaining infection among pregnant women attending a private antenatal clinic in Sinnar State. Methodology: Between August up to November 2013, a total of 165 pregnant women attending antenatal care unit in a private clinic in Sinnar state, they were enrolled and screened for anti Toxoplsma gondii IgG antibodies using a commercial IgG ELISA detection kit. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed using SPSS 20.0 software package. Results: Of 165 pregnant women, 89(53.9%) were IgG seropositive. Anti- Toxoplasma IgG titre of the pregnant women showed an increasing pattern with increasing age (p=0.037). A significant difference in Toxoplasma sero-positivity (OR=2.45, 95% CI: 1.212 -4.952, p= 0.012) among illiterate and literate were observed, Seropositivity to T. gondii was associated with the history of abortion (OR=2.133, 95% CI: 1.044 -4.358, p=0.038) and cleaning dog`s faeces (OR=3.405, 95% CI: 1.054 -11.517, p=0.041). Conclusions: Seropositivity among pregnant women was high therefore we recommend performance of routine testing in antenatal care units. Dog`s faeces was found to be potential risk factor for contractiong the infection.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17197
Date: 2015-11-17


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account