University of Khartoum

Allele Frequency and Genotype Distribution of Polymorphisms within Disease-Related Genes is Influenced by Ethnic Population Sub-Structuring in Sudan

Allele Frequency and Genotype Distribution of Polymorphisms within Disease-Related Genes is Influenced by Ethnic Population Sub-Structuring in Sudan

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Title: Allele Frequency and Genotype Distribution of Polymorphisms within Disease-Related Genes is Influenced by Ethnic Population Sub-Structuring in Sudan
Author: Elhassan, Ahmed.M
Abstract: Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism located within disease associated/causing genes were typed in four populations of different tribal and ethnic affiliation from the Sudan. The genotype and allele frequencies were compared with those of other groups from published and unpublished data of world populations. The combined Sudanese sample conformed with Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) expectation. However, population sub-structuring according to ethnic/linguistic group indicated at least two SNPs in departure from HWE. Differences in allele frequencies and genotype distribution between groups was also noted in three of the four SNPs. The other loci were distributed homogeneously within the populations studied with genotype frequencies in agreement with HWE expectation. These results highlight the importance of inter-population stratification for polymorphic markers, as well as the potential influence of evolutionary history and ethnic variation of loci, in the general distribution of SNPs and other polymorphisms.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17244
Date: 2015-11-19


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