University of Khartoum

Dichotomy of the T Cell Response to Leishmania Antigens in Patients Suffering from Cutaneous Leishmaniasis; Absence or Scarcity of Thl Activity is Associated with Severe Infections

Dichotomy of the T Cell Response to Leishmania Antigens in Patients Suffering from Cutaneous Leishmaniasis; Absence or Scarcity of Thl Activity is Associated with Severe Infections

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Title: Dichotomy of the T Cell Response to Leishmania Antigens in Patients Suffering from Cutaneous Leishmaniasis; Absence or Scarcity of Thl Activity is Associated with Severe Infections
Author: Elhassan, Ahmed M
Abstract: The T cell response was studied in 25 patients suffering from cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major with severe (n = 10) and mild (n = 15) disease manifestations. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the patients were activated by sonicates of Leishmania promastigotes (LMP) and amastigotes (LDA), and the surface protease gp63. The proliferative responses to Leishmania antigens were lower in patients with severe disease than in patients with mild disease (P = 0 01-0-05), and such a difference was not observed in the response to purified protein derivative of tuberculin (PPD) or tetanus toxoid (TT). LMP-induced interferon-gamma (IFN--y) production was lower in patients with severe than in patients with mild disease (P < 0 05). When the IL-4 and IFN-y responses of each patient were considered, two response patterns were observed in the cultures activated by the Leishmania sonicates. One response pattern was characterized by high production of IFN-y without production of IL-4 (a Thl-like pattern), the other was characterized by low IFN-y levels which in most cases were associated with IL-4 production (not a Th I -like pattern). These patterns could not be distinguished when the cells from the same donors were stimulated by TT and PPD. The percentages of patients with a Thl-like response pattern after stimulation by LMP in patients with severe and mild disease manifestations were 30% and 80%, respectively. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.034).
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17334
Date: 2015-11-29


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