University of Khartoum

Characterization of the Local and Systemic Immune Responses in Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Due to Leishmania Major

Characterization of the Local and Systemic Immune Responses in Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Due to Leishmania Major

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Title: Characterization of the Local and Systemic Immune Responses in Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Due to Leishmania Major
Author: Elhassan, Ahmed M.; Veress, Gaafar A.; Theander, T.G.; ., etal
Abstract: In this study skin biopsies and peripheral blood samples were obtained from patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis caused byLeishmania major.Samples were obtained at diagnosis and during healing when the lesions had regressed to half the original size. At diagnosis most of the cells expressed HLA-DR. The numbers of CD8+ cells in the lesions were higher at diagnosis than during healing. By contrast, a lower percentage of PBMC expressed CD8+ cells at diagnosis probably due to sequestration in the lesion. In the lesion,in situstaining for IFN-γ, IL-10, and IL-4 showed marked variation between all patients in the number of positive cells for a particular cytokine. The proliferative response of PBMC to leishmanial antigens and IFN-γ production tended to increase during healing. Cytokine patterns in the PBMC in response toLeishmaniaantigen was more specific than in the lesion and correlated better with the clinical manifestations. Possible reasons for this are discussed.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/17390
Date: 2015-12-01


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