University of Khartoum

Effect of Watering Amount and Two Irrigation Systems on Yield and Quality of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) as a Forage Crop

Effect of Watering Amount and Two Irrigation Systems on Yield and Quality of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) as a Forage Crop

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Title: Effect of Watering Amount and Two Irrigation Systems on Yield and Quality of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) as a Forage Crop
Author: Ali, Elsadig Elemam Rahama
Abstract: An experiment was conducted at the demonstration farm of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Fish Sciences, Al-Neelain University, to investigate the forage yield and quality of Moringa plant. Three irrigation water amounts, under two surface irrigation systems, during the summer season of 2013, were studied. The study involved comparing the effect of three quantities of irrigation water {100%, 75%, and 50% crop water requirement (or ETc), respectively}, with two surface irrigation systems (furrow basins and flat basins). The experiment was laid in a complete randomized block. Data were collected on some physical soil properties and plant growth attributes. The results showed that there were significant differences (P < 0.05) in yield and yield components. Furrow basins and 100% watering amount (W1R) treatment gave the highest values in dry weight (30 gm/plant), fresh yield (92.4 t/hectare), dry yield (30 t/hectare), plant height (75 cm), stem diameter (2.5 cm), number of branches per plant (27.6), number of leaves per plant (597.5). It gave also the highest percentages of some chemical components; (structural carbohydrate 53%, crude protein 29.7%, and ash 15.5%). Furrow basins and 50% watering duty (W3R) treatment gave the lowest values in dry weight (18 gm/plant), fresh yield (45.8 t/hectare), dry yield (18 t/hectare), plant height (53.5 cm), stem diameter (1.66 cm), number of branches per plant (21.65), number of leaves per plant (376) and 29.5% structural carbohydrate, 16.5% crude protein, and 8.3% ash. To obtain high yield of good quality of Moringa, as a forage crop, it is recommended that it is to be watered at not less than 75% ETc . Efforts have to be directed to grow Moringa as a forage crop.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/17405
Date: 2015-12-02


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