University of Khartoum

The Hamari sheep production systems in Darfur and Kordofan

The Hamari sheep production systems in Darfur and Kordofan

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Title: The Hamari sheep production systems in Darfur and Kordofan
Author: Dahab, Osman A.; Ishag, Ibrahim A.; Ahmed, Mohamed Khair A.
Abstract: The aim of this work is to study flock size, structure and management practices of Hamari sheep. The averages flock size were 217.2 and 268.8 heads in North Darfur and North Kordofan; respectively. The feeding management depended on natural pasture in addition to crops residues and minerals. The study found that the common d Mycoplasma. Mortality was high in the flocks and most animal died at age 6 – 12 months and the main causes of death were foreign bodies and lack of pasture. The breeding season started at the first of February to March. Breeding gave the first lamb at age 12 months and gave one lamb every year. The main production constraints were lack of pasture and labor. The study concludes that flock size and structure of Hamari sh farmers. Breeding females constituted most of the flocks, and reproductive performance was average but can be enhanced through management and selection. The study suggested more detailed and larger studies are needed on Hamari sheep to Keywords: INTRODUCTION Sheep of Sudan are bred mainly for meat production. Their economic importance arises from the fact that sheep are the major source of red meat for local consumption and for export (Ministry of Animal Wealth and Fisheries, 2004). Sheep population is still r under nomadic conditions using traditional methods of management and natural grazing which are affected by seasonality of rain fall. Mcleroy (1961) reported that there are many sub types of Sudan Desert Sheep in Kordofan State, the major sub types are: Kabbashi and Hamari sheep. Sheep husbandry system especially in Kordofan is varied between sedentary and Nomadic flocks. In sedentary systems, the flocks are kept close to villages with minimal movement compared to the nomadic system, where movement is throughout the year (Eltahir et al; 199). El Hag et al. (2001) reported that husbandry systems have some effects on production characteristics of Sudan desert sheep and that mortality rate in breeding diseases were Pneumonia and rams were selected from the flock at 6 months of age. The ewes characterize the reproductive and production systems
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/18029
Date: 2015-12-28


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