University of Khartoum

Artesunate plus Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum malaria in Sudan

Artesunate plus Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum malaria in Sudan

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Title: Artesunate plus Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for Treatment of Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum malaria in Sudan
Author: Elamin, Sakina B.; Malik, Elfatih; Abdelgadir, Tarig; Khamis, A.; Mohammed, Mamoun M.; Ahmed, Elderderi S.; Adam, I.
Abstract: Early diagnosis and effective treatment with an appropriate drug form the main components of the World Health Organization's strategy to reduce malaria related mortality. The few available drugs might be safeguarded if combined with artesunate. The addition of artesunate to a standard antimalarial treatment substantially reduces treatment failure, recrudescence and gametocyte carriage. Methods During late 2004, the efficacy of artesunate (4 mg/kg. day, on days 0–2) plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (25 mg/kg, on day 0) for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria was investigated in four sentinel areas in Sudan, with different malaria transmission (Damazin, Kassala, Kosti, and Malakal). Results Two hundreds and sixty-nine patients completed the 28-day follow-up. On day one, 60 (22.3%) patients were febrile and 15 (5.5%) patients were parasitaemic. On day three, all the patients were afebrile and aparasitaemic. While two patients (0.7%, Kassala) showed late Clinical and Parasitological Failures, the rest (99.3%) of the patients demonstrated Adequate Clinical and Parasitological Response. A gametocytaemia were detected during the follow-up in one patient (0.37%, Kassala). Adverse drug effects were detected in 32 (11.9%) patients Conclusion The study showed that AS plus SP is an effective, safe drug in the treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sudan.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/18082
Date: 2015-12-30


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