University of Khartoum

Potential Environmental Impacts of Oil: Towards Sustainable Environmental Management of oil in Sudan

Potential Environmental Impacts of Oil: Towards Sustainable Environmental Management of oil in Sudan

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Title: Potential Environmental Impacts of Oil: Towards Sustainable Environmental Management of oil in Sudan
Author: Wadi, Eltayeb Ibrahim
Abstract: Oil gains a strategic and international importance, due to the fact that it is still the main source of energy and, prerequisite for many socio-economic activities. It constitutes source of income for many countries in the world today and, presents about 50% of the world energy supply. From the world primary energy consumption oil and gas represent 63%, coal 27%, nuclear energy 7%, and hydro-electricity 3%. This indicates the huge amount of oil produced and consumed in the world (UNEP: 1993). Despite the global importance; the economic, socio-cultural, political and, environmental impacts of oil are the main challenges today. The environmental management of oil is the most important issue not only at local or regional levels, but also internationally. This is due to the negative impacts of oil on environmental resources (soil, land, water and atmosphere), i.e. oil spills, accidents, fires, and pollution of land; air and water have been recorded in many places in the world, (Tables, 1 and 2). Therefore, the main challenge is to meet the world energy demand, whilst minimizing its impact on the environment. Sudan aims at becoming a member of oil exporting countries in Africa. The export of crude oil in Sudan represents more that 70% of the country's revenues. Oil exploration and production take place in Northern and Southern Sudan, i.e. kordofan, Darfur, Upper Nile, and is expected to cover many regions in the country in future.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/18959
Date: 2010


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