University of Khartoum

Water Availability, Reliability and Affordability Among Rainfed Agriculturists of Rawashda Village in Eastern Sudan

Water Availability, Reliability and Affordability Among Rainfed Agriculturists of Rawashda Village in Eastern Sudan

Show full item record

Title: Water Availability, Reliability and Affordability Among Rainfed Agriculturists of Rawashda Village in Eastern Sudan
Author: Wadi, Eltayeb Ibrahim; Alredaisy ,Samir Mohamed Ali Hassan; Gumaa; Johayna , Abdulmahmoud A.; Zubair , Mohamed H.A.; Hag Ali , M.A
Abstract: The objective of the study was to investigate the mechanized rainfed agricultural system in Eastern Sudan with specific focus on the Rawashda village and its environs. Water availability, reliability and affordability were assessed involving survey methods and the calculations of the mean; the standard deviation and regression. The survey was conducted during February 2009 with a sample size of 50 households representing 30% of total households chosen according to accessibility; agricultural activities involving rainfed water were studied by observations and by interviewing the farmers. Results depict that although 80% of the population has access to piped water; it was inadequate and unreliable because of physical barriers, growing populations and the substantially higher charges. Water consumption showed no tendency to be less when paying a higher price for it, or when their income was below average. Daily consumption of an individual of water of 25.9 liters is far below the recommended level by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for an individual to remain healthy. The average monthly income is 311.5 SDG which equals US$124.6 and divided by household size is equivalent of US$4.2 per day per capita which is tangible to the poverty line. Monthly expenditure for water was found to be 13.7% of the total household monthly income. Regression analysis confirmed that expenditure for water increases with marginal increase in income. Investment into mechanized agriculture did not secure drinking water for rural poor and a determination of short-term management actions and long-term strategies to improve water is proposed.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/18965
Date: 2011-04-01


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account