University of Khartoum

Behavioural pattern of Tuberculosis in Sudan from 1995 through 2009

Behavioural pattern of Tuberculosis in Sudan from 1995 through 2009

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Title: Behavioural pattern of Tuberculosis in Sudan from 1995 through 2009
Author: Alredaisy, Samir Mohamed Ali Hassan
Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Sudan and has place and time implications. The objective of this paper is to identify the time pattern of tuberculosis at national, regional and seasonal scales in order to assist with its reduction among the majority of poor Sudanese. The design of the paper focuses on tuberculosis time trends from 1995 through 2009, based on Sudan National Tuberculosis Control Program data. Results depict fluctuation of TB, though national data indicates annual increase of 6.6% of all cases of the disease. Tuberculosis was steadily rising prior to 2000 and slightly dropped by 2008. Prevalence rates are decreasing versus population increasing from the year 1999 onward. Wide dispersion of tuberculosis cases is noticed during winter while it was less during Summer, Spring And Autumn. Differences in tuberculosis seasonal distribution are smaller between males and females during winter and spring, but increased slightly towards Summer and Autumn. Tuberculosis is more prevalent among young and old males rather than females. In the sex - age group, 0 – 14, females exceeded male by 8.29%. In the sex - age group of 15-24 male exceeded female by 17.35%. Thereafter, males recorded higher. During early childhood; females are more vulnerable to infection than males. Regional ranking of tuberculosis puts central region first then eastern, southern, western and northern regions respectively. The findings illustrate disordered and clustered pattern of dispersion of tuberculosis cases and establishes a confident relationship between population and tuberculosis. In conclusion, the author proposes COPOVINNLIT program for reduction of TB in Sudan
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19011
Date: 2009


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