University of Khartoum

land grab by tribal groups in a fragile environment hawakir of wadi salih in darfur

land grab by tribal groups in a fragile environment hawakir of wadi salih in darfur

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Title: land grab by tribal groups in a fragile environment hawakir of wadi salih in darfur
Author: Alredaisy, Samir Mohamed Ali Hassan
Abstract: Based upon a survey carried out in December 2009, Land grab by tribal groups was investigated in the fragile environment of the tribal lands of Darfur which are known locally as Hawakir, and reviews the findings relating to Wadi Salih area in southwestern part of the region. Results depict that, farming and grazing has been managed through designated routes for nomadic movements and there are some reserved areas as stated by 82% of farmers and mobile herders. These are often ignored by farmers who cut off routes and trespasses onto reserved areas in order to deter nomads and to use the reserved areas for agriculture. They also interfere with water supplies created to assist conflict – free passages of nomads along designated routes. Many Hafirs (dug water reservoirs) were destroyed by farmers to discourage grazers and diverting the stored water for cultivation. Mobile herders intrude into field at the beginning and end of the rainy season. 49% of the mobile herders confirmed stated that they move into fields inside valleys to graze on crops and fields' remnants. Conflicts and land grabbing also occur between tribes living inside the Hawakir on fertile lands, pastures and water sources. 100% of the respondents attributed Land grab to environmental degradation; 88% to the collapse of the virtual relationship between farmers and herders; 69% to dilapidation of traditional administrative systems; 40% to population increase; and 90% to lack of basic infrastructure for community development. The author suggests promotion of Hawakir to alleviate land grab.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19017
Date: 2012


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