University of Khartoum

Transboundary Coordination with the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

Transboundary Coordination with the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam

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Title: Transboundary Coordination with the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
Author: Wheeler, Kevin
Abstract: The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) provides an opportunity for the countries of Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt to collaborate in a real and tangible way. The method by which the reservoir will be initially filled and operated will provide an opportunity to realize the benefits of hydropower, flood control and increased reliability of water supplies, while concurrently minimizing the risks to downstream countries. While the countries have committed to respect and utilize the final outcomes of the Technical National Committee (TNC) Final Report on the joint studies (Declaration of Principles, 2015), there will be an ongoing need for the countries to come together over a common analysis platform to demonstrate how operations may be adapted over time. Cash et al (2003) describes how knowledge systems must have credibility, saliency and legitimacy to be sustainable and this paper argues that hydro-policy models must have the additional characteristics of accuracy, flexibility and transparency if they are to be used in contested transboundary rivers. The paper will first draw from the experience on the Colorado River in which the RiverWare modeling platform played a critical role in the successful negotiation between the United States and Mexico. The paper will then demonstrate the wide variety of strategies for coordination between the Ethiopian, Sudanese and Egyptian reservoirs. The flexibility of the platform allows creative strategies to be tested and the transparency it provides is critical in a highly contentious context such as the Eastern Nile Basin.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19535
Date: 2016


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