University of Khartoum

Indigenous Risk management Practices in Spate Irrigated Agriculture

Indigenous Risk management Practices in Spate Irrigated Agriculture

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Title: Indigenous Risk management Practices in Spate Irrigated Agriculture
Author: Bashir, Eiman
Abstract: Spate irrigation is the main source of staple crop production and livelihood of rural poor communities in Eastern Africa including the Sudan. Spate irrigation depends on flash floods that are sometimes associated with risks due to variable natural phenomenon of large, poor, early and late floods with high uncertainties and risks in low crop yield, irrigation system destruction and other environmental degradation consequences. There is large literature that studied farmer practice against climatic risk by exploring different management strategies such as crop diversification, variety selection, soil and water conservation, insurance. Nonetheless, the existing literature fails to examine farmers’ practice in flood water management at distributaries and field levels. The existing practice also fails to cope with risks and opportunities associated with the variable uncertain water supply need to be assessed and strengthened for enhancing crop productivity. This paper evaluates the risk management approaches practiced by farmers and their Water User Associations (WUA) due to uncertain water supply at field and intake levels in Gash Irrigation Scheme in Eastern Sudan. Fieldwork involved a farmer survey, focus group discussions, interviews with key informants and some field measurements.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19545
Date: 2016


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