University of Khartoum

Transboundary Cooperation Opportunities for a Secured Eastern Nile Basin

Transboundary Cooperation Opportunities for a Secured Eastern Nile Basin

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Title: Transboundary Cooperation Opportunities for a Secured Eastern Nile Basin
Author: Salih, Abdin M. A.; Taha, Fatima A. M.
Abstract: Transboundary watercourses traversing different countries themselves and jointly with the neighboring countries present a challenge in terms of management as they cross different boundaries with different interests. The paper focuses the attention on the water resource issues in the Eastern Nile region - and the particular basin concerns. It outlines key aspects of conflict potentiality in the Nile watercourse between basin users and the different sectors (i.e. agricultural communities, pastoralists and domestic user and industry) where it could lead to severe conflicts among the riparian countries. Important steps have to be taken to minimize conflict and resolve the real concerns cooperatively and that can only be achieved by seeking innovative approaches that lead to a win-win solution. The problems with the Nile’s waters are predicted to move towards greater cooperation rather than conflict. This paper, illustrates the development of cooperation on the River Nile, where the basin countries had made a number of attempts to realize cooperation (HYDROMET, TECCONILE, NBI and UNESCO’s contribution). Yet, the challenge of creating a more cooperative environment for the management of the Nile waters remains to put this institutional development and cooperative thinking into practice through the development of mutual benefit projects. The UNESCO had made great contribution through its PCCP (From Potential Conflict to Cooperation Potential) Initiative of its International Hydrological Program (IHP). The above mentioned initiative was conceived with the idea that, although transboundary water resources can be a source of conflict, their joint management can be strengthened and even used as a means for further cooperation. The program came out with a treasure lot of publications that focus on successful examples for transboundary basins around the world and addresses the causes of water conflicts, cooperation over transboundary waters, best practices, and innovative water management techniques. Those successful cases can be applied in the context of the Nile towards a win-win situation to overcome conflicts, demonstrate the desire and to take advantage of the benefits resulting from cooperation.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19547
Date: 2016


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