University of Khartoum

ICT and NIS: Sustainable Development in Sudan through Technology and Innovation

ICT and NIS: Sustainable Development in Sudan through Technology and Innovation

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Title: ICT and NIS: Sustainable Development in Sudan through Technology and Innovation
Author: Khalid, Abdalkareem Omer Abdu; Kadoda, Gada Faroug
Abstract: Scientific Research, research councils and research associations including universities and higher education institutions play a critical role in the process of knowledge creation and defining ways to guide knowledge deployment. Notwithstanding, the role of research is highly constrained without envisioning it as part of a national innovation system (NIS). NISs have the ability to enhance the act of innovation inside the nation’s borders, with implications on economic growth, research and development. The work investigated the role of ICT in a number of NIS Country cases to define the ways by which ICT can be an enabler for increased productivity and cost reduction. This paper examines the components of NIS based on the guidelines of the OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and development), as well as on extensive document review, interviews with local stakeholders and a workshop. The findings indicate that leveraging ICTs greatly empowers key economic sectors i.e. infrastructure, mining, trade and manufacturing, agriculture, energy, tourism, financial services thereby increases their competitiveness and facilitates sustainable development. Some of the country approaches, where NIS had a positive impact on development, include by improving education, creating publicprivate partnerships, upgrading infrastructure, institutionalizing IT policy, branding, positioning and promotion. The paper discusses ICT features that are required for NIS infrastructure, in particular appropriate technology and skilled personnel. More importantly, the paper will present, in the context of Sudan, the impeding factors to the development of a National Innovation System and make recommendations on ways towards change
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/19856
Date: 2016


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