University of Khartoum

Value Chain Analysis of Milk and Milk Products and Improvement of Performance in Khartoum North, Sudan

Value Chain Analysis of Milk and Milk Products and Improvement of Performance in Khartoum North, Sudan

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Title: Value Chain Analysis of Milk and Milk Products and Improvement of Performance in Khartoum North, Sudan
Author: Adam, Manahil Musa Ahmed
Abstract: The major objective of this study was to characterize milk and milk products value chains and determine the constraints for improving milk production and marketing in Khartoum North. The specific objectives were to (i) identify milk and milk products chain actors and benefits distribution along the chain (ii) identify and analyze the chain governance exist between actors and (iii) to identify major milk production, marketing and processing constraints and suggest interventions to improve the performance of milk production and marketing chain. Snowball sampling was used to select 102 actors (40 producers, 2 processors, 30 traders and 30 consumers) along the value chain in July-August, 2013. The secondary data were collected from published and unpublished sources. The primary data were collected using semi-structured interviews, key informant interviews, group discussion, and direct observation. The quantative data were analyzed using SPSS version 18 and Excel 2010, while qualitative data were analyzed using text analysis. The milk and milk products marketing channels and actors were identified. The daily profits margins were 47.95%, 56.76%, 10.19% and 5.5% for milk producers, ice cream factory Z, pick-up truck traders and donkey cart traders, respectively. Daily average total costs were 512.81 Sudanese Pounds (SDG) (91.57 US$), 25540 SDG (4560.71 US$), 12971 SDG (2316.25 US$), 2138 SDG (381.79 US$) and 756 SDG (135 US$) for producer, processing Company X, ice cream factory Z, pick-up truck trader and donkey cart trader, respectively. The major constraints for each actor along the value chain were identified. The milk chain governance was not functioning optimally. Legislative and judicial governance were interrupted at the level of producers, traders and consumers and cannot reach the backward suppliers, whereas executive governance function was totally absent. The study concluded that milk production and marketing is financially profitable for producers and processors. The study elaborated some scenarios for performance improvement of milk and milk products value chain.
Description: 83 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/20050
Date: 2016-03-24


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