University of Khartoum

أثر توزيع الموارد المائية في تنمية القطاع الرعــوي بمحلية كتم ـ ولاية شمال دارفور

أثر توزيع الموارد المائية في تنمية القطاع الرعــوي بمحلية كتم ـ ولاية شمال دارفور

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Title: أثر توزيع الموارد المائية في تنمية القطاع الرعــوي بمحلية كتم ـ ولاية شمال دارفور
Author: عبد الله آدم إبراهيم محمد, الطيب
Abstract: This research aims to identify the most important geographic potentialities of grazing sector in the study area; to identify how far this sector has been affected by fluctuation of rainfall and pasture deterioration and methods of adaptation to these environmental anomalies, and to know which water sources are suitable to concentrate on to develop grazing sector; and to find out the most challenging problems facing animal wealth; and to put a geographic plan or a model for pasture development in the study area. The study adopted inductive and deductive approaches to come up with the results, through regional, descriptive and statistical methods. Primary data was collected through field observations, personal interview and questionnaire. The sample size was190 households representing 10% of total 1900 households in the study area. Then the data was summarized, analyzed and interpreted using SPSS. Secondary data included books, university’s research; relevant papers, repots and periodicals. The most important results of this research were that, the study area has big area, and its climate ranges from highland climate in its western parts to arid and semi-arid fragile climate in its most parts which has reflected negatively on ecological reality concerning water shortage and scarcity, or on natural pastures which influence animal and pattern of human life. Rain is the main source of water in the study area and usually fluctuates in amount which was coupled with increased loss due rapid evaporation, and poor management, which negatively reflected on grazing situation and forced people to migrate inside and outside the study area, and to get rid of huge number of their animals to avoid death or hunger. Grazing is the main job, beside agriculture and some other jobs in the study area,. Permanent grazing is practiced around villages scattered on Qoz lands, clay plains and nomads' camps. The surface wells, besides Haffirs and Rehabs (water pools) are the most important water sources in the area since they are easy to dig with low cost, followed by hand pumps, small and big dams and boreholes (Donkey). In terms of production and productivity, bore holes come first, but limited in number due to geological reasons. Also, the study area is rich enough with skilled human resources particularly that labor force capable to achieve development programs related to water and grazing. From the most challenging problems of grazing sector are water shortage during some years and months, arm conflict , and long distances between pastures and water sources . Based on the results of the research, the researcher recommended a geographical model or a plan to curb water problems and to develop the grazing sector in the study area. It is expected that, if this strategy was properly adopted, grazing sector will eventually develop in the study area, and even could be a model to adopt in other similar environments inside and outside Sudan.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/20067
Date: 2016-03-24


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