University of Khartoum

Growth and Yield of Three Cereal Forage Crops during Winter Season using Different Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizer

Growth and Yield of Three Cereal Forage Crops during Winter Season using Different Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizer

Show full item record

Title: Growth and Yield of Three Cereal Forage Crops during Winter Season using Different Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizer
Author: Musa, Mohammed Abed Alla Ahmed
Abstract: A filed experiment was conducted in the winter season of 2012-2013 in the Demonstration Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Shambat, to study the effect of nitrogen on the performance of three cereal forage crops. The forage crops were barley (Hordeum vulgare .L), maize (Zea mays.L), local variety and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), Abu Sabein. The levels of nitrogen were used were 0kg (control), 40, 80 and 120 kg N/ha ,in the form of urea (46%N) .The treatments were arranged in split plot design with three replications in which the nitrogen levels were assigned to the main plots and the forage crops to the subplots. The results showed that the effect of nitrogen on all growth attributes was not significant, but there was a trend of increase in plant height and leaf area with addition of nitrogen. Barley was taller than maize and sorghum up to 45 days from sowing, but at 60 days, maize and sorghum were taller than barley. Number of leaves per plant, leaf area and leaf area index were higher in sorghum and maize than barley. There were no significant differences in leaf to stem ratio between the three forage crops. Barley reached 50% flowering earlier (56 days) than maize (60 days) and sorghum (70 days). Forage fresh and dry weights were significantly higher under nitrogen treatments than the control. Fresh and dry forage yields were lower in barley than maize and sorghum, fresh and dry forage yield were higher than sorghum.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/20099
Date: 2016-03-27


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account