University of Khartoum

Current situation of tropical theileriosis in the Sudan

Current situation of tropical theileriosis in the Sudan

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Title: Current situation of tropical theileriosis in the Sudan
Author: Elhussein, Abdelrahim Mohamed; Hassan, Shawgi Mohamed ; Salih,Diaeldin A.
Abstract: Tropical theileriosis has long been recognized as a hindrance to the development of sound dairy industry in the Sudan and is a cause of major economic losses. Serological surveys indicated that Theileria annulata infection is widespread in the country but the disease mostly affects exotic dairy breeds and their crosses with indigenous breeds. The disease has recently been identified in Darfur and southern parts of Blue Nile State in dairy farms around large urban areas where it has never been detected before. These new introductions were accompanied by the establishment of Hyalomma anatolicum tick which is the main vector of the parasite in the Sudan. The disease is routinely diagnosed using microscopic examination of stained blood and lymph node biopsy smears. More advanced techniques are mainly used for research purposes. Tropical theileriosis in the Sudan is mainly controlled by using anti-theilerial drugs and acaricide application. It is recommended that live attenuated schizont vaccines developed from locally isolated T. annulata strains be used to control the disease. In addition, every care should be taken to prevent introduction of the disease into new areas.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/handle/123456789/20511
Date: 2016-04-17


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