University of Khartoum

Psychosocial Effect of Malocclusion among Sudanese University Dental Students

Psychosocial Effect of Malocclusion among Sudanese University Dental Students

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Title: Psychosocial Effect of Malocclusion among Sudanese University Dental Students
Author: Abuaffan, Amal H.; Elmahgoub, Fatima A.
Abstract: Introduction: Orthodontic treatment, unlike other forms of treatment, depends not only on the clinician, but also on the patients’ point of view. Patients and dentists differ in their evaluation of oral health and the demand for treatment is mostly related to personal concern about appearance and other psychosocial factors. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of orthodontic treatment needs as related to dental health on the oral health-related quality of life of dental students. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. A random sample of 100 2nd-5th year male and female dental students aged 17-23 years was obtained from the University of Medical Sciences and Technology in Sudan, and each subject was assessed for orthodontic treatment need using the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Needs by taking photographs of the dentition. Each subject was also given an Oral healthrelated quality to life questionnaire to complete: The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). Results: In this sample, the oral health- related quality of life was generally overall good. Those with definitive need for treatment showed higher impacts on oral health in relation to functional limitation and physical pain, than those who had borderline need, little need, or no need for treatment. Males with Borderline and definite need for treatment generally showed higher impacts on Oral Health than the female counterparts. This however was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Malocclusion does not seem to affect the oral health-related quality of life to a significant degree.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/21282


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