University of Khartoum

Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production Systems in Khartoum State

Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production Systems in Khartoum State

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Title: Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production Systems in Khartoum State
Author: Shaa Eldeen, Sanaa Abd ELrahman Elhusien
Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the current status of dairy cattle production system in Khartoum State. The study was carried out using a semi structured questionnaire. The investigation covered the three cities of Khartoum State (Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman) in the period April – September 2014. The questionnaire covered different aspects of the production system: general information, cattle breed, herd management, nutrition and breeding system, housing system, production and reproduction performance, health, veterinary and extension services. A total number of 120 dairy farms were visited 26 in Khartoum, 41 in Khartoum North and 53 in Omdurman. The farm owners were directly asked and some information was collected through observation. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS computer program and results were presented as descriptive statistics. The resultsrevealed that 32.5% of respondents were graduate (P>0.05). The highest herd size was found in Omdurman locality (90.4 heads). The lactating cows constituted 49.5, 43.7 and 40.1% of the total number of animals in Omdurman, Khartoum North and Khartoum, respectively. The majority of owners (95.8%) kept cattle for milk production for market purposes and very few owners kept them either ahoppy (0.8%) or for home milk consumption (p>0.05). . Most of the owners (61.7%) did not records. 39.2% of owners preferred cows with low foreign blood percentage for their high diseases resistance (p>0. 05). About 21.7% of owners divided their herd according to milk productivity (p>0.05). The majority of owners (99.2%) used concentrate rations (p>0.05). 21.8% depend on grazing rangeland (p>0.05). However, 99.2% of owners milked their cows manually (p>0.05). 83.3% of herd owners dried their cows before the next delivery. The majority of owners (94.3%) adopted natural insemination in their farms and few of them were using artificial insemination (p<0.05). The majority of owners (70.8%) had plans for genetic improvement of their herd, 29.2% of them did not have plans. Also the majority (69.7%) of owners said the veterinary service was not satisfy and not reachable (p>0.05). The study concluded that miss management, improper farm construction, unbalanced feeding, reproduction inefficiency, gradual increase of foreign blood are the main factors affecting productivity of dairy farms in Khartoum State, in addition to unsatisfactory veterinary and extension services. The study recommended activation of veterinary services and adoption of proper extension services to improve productivity of dairy herds in Khartoum State. Adoption of a suitable breeding program and networking between research centers, decision makers and extension services are needed.
Description: 101 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/21386


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