University of Khartoum

Prevalence of Schistosomiasis among The School Pupils In Ganiss Area -Blue Nile State

Prevalence of Schistosomiasis among The School Pupils In Ganiss Area -Blue Nile State

Show full item record

Title: Prevalence of Schistosomiasis among The School Pupils In Ganiss Area -Blue Nile State
Author: Mohamed, Abbas Awadelkarim Abdelmaboud
Abstract: Background: Schistosomiasis is one of the major communicable diseases of public health and socio-economic importance in the developing countries. Schistosomiasis is the second to malaria as a leading cause of severe morbidity in most parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. About 600 million people were at risk worldwide, of which 200 million are infected, 20 million are severely ill. About 85 % of cases are in Africa. The Objectives of the study is to see the prevalence of Schistosomiasis infection among school’s pupils in Ganiss area–Blue Nile- State. Patients and methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive school based study conducted in Ganiss area –Blue Nile State during the year 2011. A sample of 398 school’s pupils was determined using statistical formula. Data were collected using a pre- prepared and tested question-naire. Laboratory investigations for urine using (Filtration techniques for S-haematobium eggs described by Mott etal 1982) and stool using (Kata-Katz technique) were used. Specimens were drawn to confirm the existence of Schistosomiasis infection. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. Results: The study revealed that Schistosoma haematobium infection was the only detected species and the prevalence was estimated to be 19.8%. The study found that there was a significant relationship between sex of the pupils and infection with Schistosomiasis (p value = 0.04), males are dominant in this study they constitute 54% of target pupils. Schistosomiasis prevalence among different age groups was nearly the same but the highest prevalence of infection was observed as high among age group between 10 -15 years, The study revealed a significant relationship between pupils and their contact with lake and river (P value = 0.02). Conclusion: Schistosoma haematobium infection was the only detected species among the basic schools pupils. Health authorities were advised to increase health awareness through school based health education.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/21548


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account