University of Khartoum

Achieving Food security through Efficient Small Holders Farming System in Jebel Eldair Mechanized farms in North kordofan State, Sudan

Achieving Food security through Efficient Small Holders Farming System in Jebel Eldair Mechanized farms in North kordofan State, Sudan

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Title: Achieving Food security through Efficient Small Holders Farming System in Jebel Eldair Mechanized farms in North kordofan State, Sudan
Author: Maruod, Maruod Elno; Elkhidir, Elrashied E.; Mahmoud, Tarig Elsheikh; Zareba, Sayed Ali
Abstract: The current study was conducted in North Kordofan State, in Jebel Eldair Mechanized farms, covering two consecutive cropping seasons (2007/08 and 2008/09). Was considered for mechanized farming system. The main objectives were to determine the optimum crop combination that maximizes small- holders' profitability in the area, to access food security status in terms of food intake and net income in the area. In order to estimate the contribution of different production factors to the variation of different crop yield in the area and to calculate the international competitiveness and comparative advantage for economic efficiency of resource allocation of different farming system for groundnuts, millet, sesame, sorghum, and other minor crops grown in the study area. The primary data were collected via structured questionnaire. A multi-stage random sampling technique was employed to select 120 householders. Linear programming (L.P), partial crop budget, robust regression, household economy approach (HEA) and policy analysis matrix (PAM) as empirical approaches were used. 0.648 and 2.886 feddan (one feddan = 0.42 ha.) of millet and sesame were grown, though a total of SDG 1097.122 as gross margin was obtained by the optimal solution. Partial crop budget results indicated that all crops gave positive net returns and the highest profit was 259 and SDG 322 attained by millet and sesame respectively. The households' income and food security situation was found to be positive and the weekly food intake for households was 2601 Kcal, due to, this area is food secured. Resource use indicated that, land, labor and capital for millet and sesame were positive and highly significant at ten and one percent level, however farm potentiality increased by 90.5 and 88%, respectively. The DRC and CIC results obtained in such respect revealed that sesame production in the area has a very high comparative advantage and international competitiveness, since the DRC ratio is far less than one (0.02) and the CIC is also less (SDG 0.03) , the CIC expresses that only SDG 0.03 is invested to gain one US$. The study concluded that food security in the area can be realized by following the optimum cropping combinations, mitigating factors affecting comparative advantages and competitiveness, allocating production resources efficiently and improving nutritional status of people by using recommended energy intake.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/21842


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