University of Khartoum

Value Chain of Sudan Sheep Exports to Saudi Arabia

Value Chain of Sudan Sheep Exports to Saudi Arabia

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Title: Value Chain of Sudan Sheep Exports to Saudi Arabia
Author: Ashmag, Faigah Alamin Mohammed
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to estimate the profitability of three sizes of sheep (Hadi, small and large) exports using value chain approach from Om Kadadh market through Al Fasher and Omdurman to Jeddah market in Saudi Arabia. The study collected primary data from a cross-sectional sample of producers, traders and administrators in the three markets in Sudan. Secondary data covering the period 1984 – 2013 were obtained from the Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, Central Bank of Sudan and General Administration of Customs of Sudan. The study used the simple regression and Value Chain Analysis (VCA) methods for analyses of the data. The results of study showed that the prices of sheep had declined with fluctuation from a high US$266 per head in 1992 down to US$127 per head in 2013. The decline took place at a negative growth rate of US$ 2.7 per head per year despite the continued annual increases in the number of the exported sheep at the rate of 7.5 thousand heads per year. About 99% of Sudan sheep exports to Saudi Arabia. The producer prices of sheep in the primary market of Om Kadadh were about SDG 500 per head, SDG850 and SDG600 for Hadi, large and small sizes, respectively. The total marketing cost of the sheep from Om Kadadh to Jeddah market was about SDG 267 per head for each of the three sizes of sheep. However, the highest charged costs were those of the quarantine services in Kadaro reaching SDG 150 per head, about 56.45 % of the total marketing cost between Om Kadadh and Jeddah markets. The transportation cost from Al Fasher to Omdurman market was SDG 43.75 per head, about 16.4%, the second highest share of the total marketing cost. The sale prices of sheep in Jeddah market were SDG 1137.5, SDG 2502.5 and SDG 1820 per head for the three sizes, the Hadi, large and small sheep respectively. The large size sheep incurred the highest profit of SDG 1135 per head. The study recommended opening new markets of sheep export and the improvement of the transportation, veterinary services, inspection and quarantine services to reduce the overall marketing cost of sheep exports from Om Kadadh in Darfur to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia markets.
Description: 85 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22057


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