University of Khartoum

asIsolation and characterization of homocholine-degrading Pseudomon sp. strains A9 and B9b

asIsolation and characterization of homocholine-degrading Pseudomon sp. strains A9 and B9b

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Title: asIsolation and characterization of homocholine-degrading Pseudomon sp. strains A9 and B9b
Author: Ahmed, Isam A. Mohamed; etal
Abstract: Soil isolates, identified as Pseudomonas sp. strain A9 and Pseudomonas sp. strain B9b (based on the phenotypic features and phylogenetic analysis) were found to degrade homocholine aerobically. Morphological characterization using the optical microscope under light and phase contrast conditions showed that cells of strain A9 formed short rods measuring approximately 0.5–1 × 1.5–2.0 μm in size while those of B9b formed long rods of 0.5–1 × 2.5–3.0 μm during the early growth phase on both nutrient broth and basal-homocholine (basal-HC) media. Strain A9 was able to grow on basal-HC medium at a wide range of temperatures (4–41°C) whereas strain B9b was not able to grow at either 4 or 41°C. Comparative 16S rRNA sequencing studies indicated that strain A9 fell into the Pseudomonas putida subclade whereas strain B9b located in Pseudomonas fulva subclade. Washed cells of strains A9 and B9b degraded homocholine completely within 6 h with concomitant formation of several metabolites. Analysis of the metabolites by capillary electrophoresis, fast atom bombardment–mass spectrometry, and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, showed trimethylamine (TMA) as the major metabolite beside β-alanine betaine and trimethylaminopropionaldehyde. Therefore, the possible degradation pathway of homocholine in the isolated strains is through successive oxidation of the alcohol group (–OH) to aldehyde (–CHO) and acid (–COOH), and thereafter the cleavage of β-alanine betaine C–N bonds yielding trimethylamine and an alkyl chain.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22267


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