University of Khartoum

Identification and Occurrence of Chewing Lice among Domestic Chicken Gallus (gallus)domesticus and the Pigeon Columba livia in Tow Locations Khartoum State

Identification and Occurrence of Chewing Lice among Domestic Chicken Gallus (gallus)domesticus and the Pigeon Columba livia in Tow Locations Khartoum State

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Title: Identification and Occurrence of Chewing Lice among Domestic Chicken Gallus (gallus)domesticus and the Pigeon Columba livia in Tow Locations Khartoum State
Author: Elhaj, Rayyan AbdElghani Mohammed
Abstract: The study aimed to identify and determine the percentage of infestation of the chewing lice species among domestic chickens (Bovans) Gallus gallusdomesticus and pigeon Columba livia housed in Veterinary Research Center Farm (VRCF), Koko village and the Sudan Natural History Museum (SNHM), University ofKhartoum during the period from April to August 2015.A total of 500 chicken and 50 pigeon wereexamined in each place, respectively.The parasites were collected by forceps from the host’s bodies and placed in tubes containing 70% alcohol, then examined under light microscope and identified using common standard scientific key, and then data were analyzed by using Chi square test. The results revealed that two species, of chewing lice Menacanthusstramineus and Menopongallinae infested chickens and two species,Columbicolacolumbae and Bonomiellacolumbae infested Pigeon. The prevalence of the two chicken’s parasites of the chicken was 40.9% and 59.09% respectively, while that of the pigeon was 58.49% and 41.50% respectively. All hosts have co- infections. The study concludes that only four species of parasites were found, two on each hostand there is significant difference (p<0.05) between their prevalence.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22586


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