University of Khartoum

The semi intensive camel farming a newly adopted system in Sudan: description and role in food security for herders' communities

The semi intensive camel farming a newly adopted system in Sudan: description and role in food security for herders' communities

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Title: The semi intensive camel farming a newly adopted system in Sudan: description and role in food security for herders' communities
Author: Shuiep, Eltahir; El-Zubeir, Ibtisam E M
Abstract: Currently new trend towards commercialization of camel milk is starting in Sudan. It is adopted by group of camel herders who keep few of their lactating herds (6-10 Nagas) in open fences (Dakka) at the preurban area of Western Omdurman. Rearing and management is practiced by the father, his sun or sometimes rent labors. The production of milk is the main reason for sustainability of this system, as it contributes to food security of the herders. The earned money from selling milk and male off-springs are sending to support the families in the home resident. Most of the produced milk is sold at Dakka with price which is 3 times higher compared to cow's milk. Naga produces 8 to 14 calves during her life span and could reach 20 under improved management conditions. Autumn is the best season for calving and milk production could be extended for 20 months. A breeding male is rent sometimes from other herders. A wide variation was noticed in milk yield due to the low forages quality used; moreover, most of the herders use the agriculture by products. Nevertheless they supplement their herds with concentrates mainly groundnut cake and minerals. Impediments include prevalence of diseases, feeding cost, fluctuation of milk price and the low fertility of the herds. Services including extension and training and veterinary supervision are needed. Moreover proper marketing by establishing collecting centers equipped with cooling facilities and processing units will provide a good opportunity for trade of camel milk.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22742


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