University of Khartoum

Effects of Wheat Production on the Achievement of Food Security in the Sudan

Effects of Wheat Production on the Achievement of Food Security in the Sudan

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Title: Effects of Wheat Production on the Achievement of Food Security in the Sudan
Author: Abashar, Gawahir Siddig Salim
Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the production and consumption of wheat in Sudan and its impact on food security in the period (1988-2013). Domestic production of wheat accounted for 30% of the amount of wheat consumed in Sudan during the period (1988-2013), a situation that led to increase in wheat imports to fill the wheat gap. The study depended on secondary data from several official sources including the Bank of Sudan reports, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development, the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development, Central Bureau of Statistics and Information and the Food and Agriculture Organization. Multiple regression method was used to analyze the data and measure the impact of the independent factors on the production and consumption of wheat. The wheat production model results showed that the wheat productivity and improved seeds had a significant effect (5 % level of significance) on wheat production where as wheat local price and exchange rate had no significant effect. The wheat consumption model results revealed that the increase in population and the amount of wheat available for consumption had a significant effect (1 % level of significance) on the wheat consumption, while the increase in income and urbanization had no significant effect. The study recommended the adoption of wheat technology packages (improved seeds), to increase wheat productivity and production. To meet the increase in wheat consumption, the study recommended establishing wheat stocks, and encouraging local production via declaring incentive wheat price.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22817


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