University of Khartoum

Characterization of Production System of Beef Fattening Farmsin Khartoum State

Characterization of Production System of Beef Fattening Farmsin Khartoum State

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Title: Characterization of Production System of Beef Fattening Farmsin Khartoum State
Author: Babker, Hanady Altayb
Abstract: This research was conducted to describe and define the production system of cattle fattening farms and to compare and contrast between modern and traditional fattening farms. This study targeted fifty one farmers involved in beef cattle feed lot production system in Khartoum State (Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman localities).A comparison was conducted between modern and traditional farms, through structured and designed questionnaire. The data obtained from the questionnaire were subjected to analysis using the SPSS computer program.The study covered current fattening management practices such as breed of cattle, managerial units, construction of farm, husbandry practices, purpose of operation, herd division, herd size, appropriate age used in fattening, period of fattening, record keeping,marketing, costs, profits and losses, and animal health and production constraints. The most widely used type of cattle in feedlots wasBaggara cattle (76.5%)and most of these cattle (60.8%)were kept in open sheds. Most farms (74.5%)were specialized in cattle fattening. The majority of these cattle (47.1%)were purchased from Almoweilih market and transported to the farm on hoof. Most farmers (78.4%) purchased their cattle through brokers and middlemen and they believed that middlemen and brokers facilitate the marketing process but some other farmers (21.6%) said those brokers sometimes complicate the process. Cattle were bought and sold by visual appraisal .The initial body weight range was 138-213 kg. The animals were fattened for an average period of 2-3 months to reach a final live weight ranging between 254 and 332kg.The feed stuffs used in fattening includedgroundnut cake, sorghum stover, wheat bran, cotton seed cake and sorghum. Feed was givento animals frequently throughout the fattening period.The majority of farmers (72.5%) faced problems related to feeding such as high prices of feedstuffs.Always the fattening activities in these farms take place from January to October. Most farmers (70.6%) vaccinated their cattle against anthrax, black quarter, haemorrhagicsepticaemia and pneumonia. Only 2.0% of respondents got veterinary services from government units, and 54.9% resorted to private veterinarians; while 39.2% obtained services from drug dealers. Some farmers confirmed the availability of extension services.Most of these fattening farms (98%) are of high economic returns. The study made a number of recommendations including sale and purchase of animals on the basis of weight and age and provision of extension services to farmers.
Description: 88 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/22819


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