University of Khartoum

Effect of Sowing Method and Seed Rate on the Growth, Forage Yield and Quality of Siratro ( Macroptiliumatropurpureum)

Effect of Sowing Method and Seed Rate on the Growth, Forage Yield and Quality of Siratro ( Macroptiliumatropurpureum)

Show full item record

Title: Effect of Sowing Method and Seed Rate on the Growth, Forage Yield and Quality of Siratro ( Macroptiliumatropurpureum)
Author: Mansour, Maha Younis Adam
Abstract: Afield experiment was carried out during 2013/2014 season at the Demonstration Farm of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forest - Nyala, South Darfur State, to study the effect of sowing method and seed rate on the growth, forage yield and quality ofsiratro. Two sowing methods; namely on ridge and on flat and three seed rates; 2.5, 5 and 7.5 kg/ha were applied. The experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design with four replicates. Data were collected on number of nodules per plant, plant density, plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf to stem ratio, number of branches per plant, days to start of flowering, days to 50% flowering, leaf area index, forage fresh and dry yields, and protein, fiber, fat, and carbohydrate content. Results indicated that sowing on ridges significantly increased plant density, leaf to stem ratio, days to start of flowering and fresh and dry yields. Sowing on flat, on the other hand, significantly increased days to 50% flowering and leaf area index. Seed rate significantly affected plant density, number of branches per plant, number of leaves per plant, days to start of flowering and to 50% flowering and fresh and dry yields. In most of these characters, the treatment S1significantly gave the best measures. It increased forage fresh yield by 26 and 45%, compared to S2 and S3, respectively. Regarding quality measures,the treatments had no effect on protein content, whereas fiber, fat and carbohydrate content were significantly affected. Sowing on flat gave significantly higher fiber and fat content, whereas ridges recorded higher carbohydrate content. The treatment S3 gave significantly higher fiber and carbohydrate content. It is recommended that more experiments should be conducted to know the optimum cultural practices of this plant in the irrigated areas and to see the possibility of sowing it as a forage crop.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/23214


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Share

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account