University of Khartoum

أيام العرب في شعر المفضليات دراسة نقدية وصفية تحليلية

أيام العرب في شعر المفضليات دراسة نقدية وصفية تحليلية

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Title: أيام العرب في شعر المفضليات دراسة نقدية وصفية تحليلية
Author: عبدالرحيم, دينا تاج السر
Abstract: The main objective of this research is to study the war poems in the famous anthology of ancient Arab poets titled Al- Mufaalīyāt. Due to the absence of criminal law in Arab tribal socialites, feuds where considered legitimate legal instruments and were regulated to some degree. Feuds begin when a tribe perceives itself to have been attacked or insulted by another and triggers a retribution which is fuelled by an interminable cycle of retaliatory wars. War poets participated in these wars and they wrote poems about their experience commemorating and documenting war events in a poetic form. The research aims at studying these poems to clarify how these poets described the battlefield, causes of war, heroism of warriors, horses, projectile weapons and pole arms in minute detail. The research adopted the descriptive analytical approach and drew mostly upon the selections of Al- Mufaal as a primary source but it also drew upon some books on classical Arabic literature. The main findings are: The conflicts amongst the dwellers of the expansive flat plains were far less than the conflicts amongst the dwellers of the rugged mountains and the plateau regions in the Arabian Peninsula; this is due to the flint in the nature of mountain people. This can also be attributed to the scarcity of means of subsistence in that antagonistic atmosphere of the arid mountains. The most frequent subjects of war poems are: boasting of noble descent and boasting of bravery. Elegies and praise poems are very rare subjects... Al-Mufaalīyāt also included a number of Al- Munifāt "fair poems" in which the poet praises the power of his adversaries, their courage, war weapons and war equipment, intending implicitly to praise himself. The realistic and explicit depiction of battlefields makes war poems fulfill the necessary criteria to be considered as reliable historical sources. To shed light on the influence of Islam on war poems, the researcher recommends a comparative study between the war poems in the pre- Islamic period and the war poems written after the emergence of Islam in Al- Mufaalīyāt. It is also worth mentioning that during period of time where war was prevalent, a fair assumption would be that elegies would be abundant, to reflect the amount of death which was occurring. However, this was not the case and elegies were seldom. This is an issue that requires further investigation
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/23653


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