University of Khartoum

محددات القدرة التنافسية لصادرات السمسم السوداني إلى سوق المملكة العربية السعودية خلال الفترة من 1989-2013م

محددات القدرة التنافسية لصادرات السمسم السوداني إلى سوق المملكة العربية السعودية خلال الفترة من 1989-2013م

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Title: محددات القدرة التنافسية لصادرات السمسم السوداني إلى سوق المملكة العربية السعودية خلال الفترة من 1989-2013م
Author: عادل إدريس محمد علي
Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the effect of the competitive ability (relative price and relative instability of production and the relative efficiency of export practices performance) for the Sudanese sesame exports to the Saudi Arabian market during the period 1989- 2013.The study, also, seeks to analyze the performance of non-petroleum exports and the Sudanese sesame exports for the purpose of summarizing and characterizing the indicators pertaining to the sesame exports. It , also, aimed at determining the most important foreign markets of the Sudanese sesame exports, measures the international competitiveness , revealed competitive advantage , diversity index, the share of the sesame in the market and determining the impact of the government policy. The methodology adopted in the study comprised collection of data pertaining to sesame production and marketing sesame exports and its return for the period 2000- 2012, from secondary sources, then analyzing them using the descriptive statistical analysis, policy analysis matrix, relative competitive advantage and diversity index and share in the market in order to determine the competitive performance of the Sudanese sesame exports in addition to the multiple linear regression equations. The findings indicated that the contribution of the Sudanese sesame exports to the outcome of the non-petroleum exports revealed great fluctuation, as the highest percentage was 32.5% in 2001 while the lowest percentage was 7.1% in 2012. Also, the findings indicated that the exports and returns of the sesame to the Saudi Arabian market were exposed to a great fluctuation during the period of this study. The highest percentage of the sesame exports in 2007 was 14.3% of total sesame exports, while the lowest percentage was 6.3% in 2010. In 2009, the highest percentage of the sesame returns from Saudi market was 21.7% of the total sesame export returns, while the lowest percentage in 2010 was 6.6. The findings, also, showed that sesame had a positive financial and economical profitability from 2009 to 2012, and this explains that the policy that targeted farm door prices was relatively satisfactory for the producer and the State had the competitive ability to produce sesame. The results of the study showed that the value of nominal protection coefficient for inputs was greater than an integer (2.14, 2.13, 1.9, and 1.16) for the years 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 respectively which indicates that there was taxation on the sesame inputs. The results, also showed that the value of nominal protection coefficient for outputs was greater than an integer (1.19, 1.29, 1.4) for the years 2010 ,2011 ,2012 respectively which indicates that there was a government subsidy to produce sesame in form of purchasing the product at promotional prices, the fact which was evidenced by the value of the effective protection coefficient which was 1.12,1.30 for the years 2011 and 2012.The results of the study revealed that the domestic resource coefficient (DRC) was less than an integer (0.94, 0.84, 0.40) for 2010, 2011, 2013 respectively which means Sudan is privileged with a comparative advantage in sesame production. The international value add (IVA) recorded a positive value for the years 2010 to 2013 the fact which indicates the ability of the sesame to contribute in hard currency earnings and Sudan is privileged with an absolute international competitiveness in sesame production. The results showed that the value of relative competitive advantage (RCA) was greater than an integer during the period 2000- 2012, the highest value was 2.5 in 2011 and the lowest value was 0.98 for 2008. This means, Sudan has a high competitive performance of sesame exports. The diversity index (DI) recorded a value less than an integer in 2000 to 2012 and this indicates the presence of a high degree of diversity in the Sudanese sesame exports with the structure of the international exports. The findings showed that that the greatest market share ( MS) of the Sudanese sesame exports in the Saudi market reached was 86% in 2000 , while the lowest market share reached was 30% in 2005 and 2010.The findings of the study showed that the expansion of the sesame production, maintaining the quality , improvement of export processes performance efficiency at lesser cost and maintaining the specifications and relative stability of the production are considered most important factors that contribute to the Sudan's competitive ability to export Sudanese sesame to the Saudi Arabian market. The study recommended following a production policy that might improve and develop production, reduce cost and increase the efficiency of export processes that would prepare a product which appeals to the desires of the consumers and meet the export requirements of the Saudi market. In addition to maintain stability of sesame production and restore the comparative advantage of the Sudan in sesame production and marketing.
Description: 119 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/23815


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