University of Khartoum

Implicationsof Water Resources Management on Physical Planning in Arid Zones: Case Study of Water Supply in El-Fasher Area, Sudan

Implicationsof Water Resources Management on Physical Planning in Arid Zones: Case Study of Water Supply in El-Fasher Area, Sudan

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Title: Implicationsof Water Resources Management on Physical Planning in Arid Zones: Case Study of Water Supply in El-Fasher Area, Sudan
Author: Ahmed, Faysal Hassan Mansour
Abstract: This study is intended to provide answers to two major questions: How to draw an efficient policy of water supply strategies for El-Fashir the regional capital of Darfur as semi-arid urban settlement? and How to provide water via the cheapest methods and means to overcome and guide El-Fashir future expansions and development? The dissertation has sought to realize the following objectives: the formulation and adoption of a comprehensive, integrated development policy; examination of the different development alternatives; demonstration of more efficient usage of El-Fashir water supply; review of El-Fashir water demands up to the year 2000. In this research, however, in addition to self-observation in El-Fashir as assistanttown planner in the period (1980-1983),I had adoptedthe descriptive – analytical method, based on a few references as well as my personal observation, content – analysis and interviews as tools of research. The selected samples for interviews comprised retired government officials, workers and some retired civil servants (The research has relied on first and secondary sources of data). The study, in conclusion, has disclosed the following findings: current water supply facilities at El-Fashir are below the minimum needs for good health and sound economic development. Many factors have contributed to this state of affairs, on which irrational planning policies were based. The result has been a human settlement environment leading to poor health, labour force inconsistency, low per capita income and stagnant economic development. To solve these problems, four development possibilities are generated and evaluated according to the development various aspects, constraints and resources base as follows: Firstly, to develop El Fasher as an urban center, being supplied from its present sources and specifying the adjacent water potential areas (i.e. Shagera and Sag El Naam) to meet the needs of integrated economic development projects towards the town development.Secondly, to relocate El Fasher town, on a new water potential area, say Sag El Naam (some 40 km south west of El Fasher).This alternative necessitates a new planning layout for the town.Thirdly, to confine El Fasher town and to develop new separate settlements (satellite development) on the adjacent water potential sites (ie. HillatShagera and Golo sites). This alternative depends on an independent or autonomous development. And finally, to develop El Fasher on the assumption that its present and future water supply requirements will be provided from the Nile (if financial condition permit ).
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/23887


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