Applications of Meteorology to Forestry and Non-forest Trees

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Daldoum, Daldoum Mohamed Ahmed
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University of Khartoum
Abstract
Every stage in the development, growth and harvesting of forest and also non-forest trees is in a large measure controlled by weather and climate. The establishment of a new forest, whether by seeding and planting or by natural means, depends on the proper sequence of weather events as they interact with soil conditions on the one hand and the plant material (seed, young seedlings) on the other. As the young forest grows, the incidence of plant diseases, the development of insects and other pests, and the occurrence of destructive forest fires all depend on weather and climate. Added to this is the fact that when the trees are finally harvested, rain and/or snow may affect the efficiency — or indeed even the possibility — of cutting and removing the crop trees. Non-forest trees receive, usually, more attention and thus the knowledge of weather may have even more impact on crop operations. Real-time weather data may be input to expert systems, management models, or simple applications to support the decisions of the forester or grower. Climate data is widely used to access probability and risk of extreme events, and compute statistics of the relevant weather events.
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Keywords
Applications, Meteorology, Forestry, Non-forest Trees
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