University of Khartoum

Tackling Poverty Issues in Malaysia: A Spatial Dimensional Approach

Tackling Poverty Issues in Malaysia: A Spatial Dimensional Approach

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Title: Tackling Poverty Issues in Malaysia: A Spatial Dimensional Approach
Author: Samat, Narimah; Elhadary, Yasin Abdalla
Abstract: Poverty has been major problems for many years. Thus eradicating poverty is, in fact, the first agenda of the United Nation Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Malaysia has succeeded to reduce poverty rate from 49.3% in 1970 to 15% in 1990, then, to just 1.7% in 2015. Policy implemented since 1970s has succeeded in reducing the number of poor households, however, this poverty rate may not be a true reflection of poverty in the country. At present, poverty rate is reported at a state level which might be too coarse to visualize true picture of poverty. Taking the Northern Region of Peninsular Malaysia as an example, this study used Geographic Information System to map poverty rate by sub-districts and investigate local differentiation among sub-districts in the region. Poverty data was obtained from e-kasih database. The study indicated poverty rate is highly correlated with regional differentiation, where location played significant role in identifying areas with high number of poor population. In eradicating poverty, a uniform policy implemented at national level may not be sufficient to tackle pocket of poverty within the region. It is timely, therefore, a spatial dimensional approach is be used to complement existing poverty eradication strategy
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24146
Date: 2016


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