University of Khartoum

أثر الخصائص الاجتماعية والاقتصادية على الخصوبة الكلية بمحلية كوستي في الفترة من 1990 – 2014

أثر الخصائص الاجتماعية والاقتصادية على الخصوبة الكلية بمحلية كوستي في الفترة من 1990 – 2014

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Title: أثر الخصائص الاجتماعية والاقتصادية على الخصوبة الكلية بمحلية كوستي في الفترة من 1990 – 2014
Author: سعاد التوم, حامد
Abstract: This research aimed at knowing the impact of socio-economic factors which are affecting fertility rate and its trends in the study area, and to determine the relationship between the average age at first marriage and total fertility. It also tries to investigate the economic factors (average age, household income, the work of the husband and wife) as affecting factors in fertility. This is in addition to determining the relationship between the social factors such as education attainment of wife and husband, and the use of the family planning means, on the one hand, and fertility, on the other. The study followed the statistical analytical approach in analyzing the research data and presenting the result in the form of mathematical numbers and figures. It followed the descriptive approach in describing and diagnosing the phenomenon, together with the social survey technique and the quantitative statistics. For the primary data collection, the study relied on the field work methods such as observation, personal interviews, and questionnaire. This is besides the secondary data that included in formations about population census, survey, UN publications reports on population, as well as annual reports. This is in addition to books, thesis, research papers, and periodical bulletins reports of a total size of the 400 forms. The questionnaire was distributed through the simple random sample method due to the homogeneity of the community. The data were tabulated, analyzed interpreted and displayed by the use of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), beside Pearson correlations and Chi square tests, to draw out the correlations between social and economical factors which are affecting fertility. The most important result reached by the study is that, 38% of women in the sample completed their university education, leading to arise of the average age at the first marriage, and the change of the role of woman from a mother and procreant of children to a producing woman in the labour force, hence contributing in the decrease in her total fertility. The study also revealed that that 86.25% of women used contraceptive, which also contributed in decline of the fertility among them. Moreover, 47% of the women got married at the age 31-40; during this period fertility decreases; this also led to the decline of fertility among them. In the light of the above findings, the study recommends encouraging women to marry in relatively earlier ages for increase the fertility rate, the introduction of curriculums pertaining to enlightenment on reproductive health in secondary schools, as well as giving due attention to primary health care in all parts of the locality.
Description: 244 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24153


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