University of Khartoum

تقويم بعض مشاريع الموقع و الخدمات الاستثمارية في العاصمة القومية

تقويم بعض مشاريع الموقع و الخدمات الاستثمارية في العاصمة القومية

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Title: تقويم بعض مشاريع الموقع و الخدمات الاستثمارية في العاصمة القومية
Author: عبدالكريم, آمنة عثمان احمد
Abstract: Site and services schemes are one of the means followed by the government to solve housing in Sudan since Independence. The government sells the land with nominal cost and subsidizes schemes. The main disadvantage of Site and service schemes is lack of supply of basic and social services. This problem has negative impact on development of these areas. Recently, the government adopted a new approach the investment site and services schemes- It alleviates the subsidy on the land and sells it with its real cost and directs this subsidy to the basic services. The objective of this research is to assess the performance of the new approach and outlines the advantages and disadvantages and formulates general recommendations that can be applied to similar situations. Six neighborhoods are selected for the field survey. They are geographically distributed between the three towns of Greater Khartoum-: three neighborhoods in Khartoum (Alawda,Sebba and Elredwan), two neighborhoods in Khartoum North (Elnakheel and Nebta) and one neighborhood in Omdurman (Elrehan).The research analyses the existing situation of these neighborhoods in terms of:Urban planning (land uses, plot numbers and sizes, street and open spaces layout). The relationship between the distributed and built plots. Provision of social services (educational, health, religious, recreational, etc.) and basic services (water, sanitation, electricity ....... etc.) and compare them with the local and international standards.The research finds that plot sizes vary between 300 m2-1000m 2 and the largest percentage of plots (33.2%) for medium-sized areas ( 400 m 2-500 m 2 )and smaller percentage of plots (3%) for large-sized areas (800 m 2-1000m2).Spaces allocated for kindergarten and basic schools are smaller than what required by international standards, and greater than what required by the local standards in most of the neighborhoods except Elrehan scheme which is lower than the local standards .The population is not sufficient to provide secondary schools in all neighborhoods. Spaces allocated for religious services, shopping areas and open spaces are greater than what required by local and international standards. All neighborhoods have health centers. Some basic services like water and electricity are provided in all neighborhoods, while the roads are partially developed surrounding neighborhoods and the service centers without footpaths or surface drainage channels. Sewerage exists only in some nieghbourhoods that are near sewage plants (Nebta and Alawda). Garbage collection has not been implemented in any neighborhood. There is no effect of time on the incremental development of the neighborhoods, all plots are sold with the exception of Alawda scheme (20%) but the development ranges between (0.6% -0.3) except Sebba (22.8%). People aim to own the land and not to develop it so that land becomes a commodity with high price. The highest percent of accommodation is (14.6%) in Sebba.The research recommends thefollowing: To pay attention to the dimensions of plots and VI residential blocks, which is reflected on the lengths of the basic service networks and thus the cost, which in turn affect the prices of plots. To develop urban planning patterns to make neighborhoods attractive.To determine timeframe for the development of plots otherwise plots would be removed.To provide social services before distributing plots to help developing neighborhoods.To supervise the implementation of basic services and follow-up and monitor would be done through a specialized unit process so linking the process of scientific research technological development thus promoting housing.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24511


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