University of Khartoum

Contribution of Farm Trees to Farmers' Rural Livelihoods in Gedaref State, Sudan

Contribution of Farm Trees to Farmers' Rural Livelihoods in Gedaref State, Sudan

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Title: Contribution of Farm Trees to Farmers' Rural Livelihoods in Gedaref State, Sudan
Author: Hemida, Mohamed Abdelmoneim Ali
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to: (i) determine and analyze the factors that inducing the farmers' decision making on retaining and/ or planting trees in their farmlands; (ii) assess the contribution of farm trees to farmers' income in comparison with other available livelihoods strategies; and (iii) determine the perceptions and attitudes of the farmers towards trees retaining and/ or planting on farms. A sample of 60 farmers was purposively selected from three villages (Alsaraf, Wad daeef and Kasab) in Galabat locality, Gedaref State in 2015. Two types of data were used to collect the necessary information, namely; primary and secondary data. The source of secondary data included available related literature, reports and scientific journals. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire for interviews, direct observations, group discussion and key informants interviews. The unit of analysis was a farmer who has trees on his farm. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis. The results showed that, the most important factors have significant effects on Household farmer’s decision to retaining and/ or planting trees were household land holding (P<0.05), household size (P<0.05) and household income (P<0.05). The findings also revealed that farm trees and their products contributed 31% to farmer’s total income. The study findings showed that the respondents in the study area have awareness on the benefits associated with trees on their farms and their attitudes towards trees planting were mostly positive. The study concluded that farmer’s decision to retaining and/ or planting trees on their farmlands was driven by their socioeconomic characteristics. The study recommended that to overcome the factors that confront farmers to retaining and/or planting trees on their farms, land use policies and tree tenure problems must be solved. Additionally, Forest National Corporation (FNC) should consider the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers as essential in any tree planting programs in the study area.
Description: 64 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24512


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