University of Khartoum

البرنامج النووى الإيرانى وانعكاساته على الأمن القوم الاسرائيلى (1979 – 2014

البرنامج النووى الإيرانى وانعكاساته على الأمن القوم الاسرائيلى (1979 – 2014

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Title: البرنامج النووى الإيرانى وانعكاساته على الأمن القوم الاسرائيلى (1979 – 2014
Author: فرح, رويده محمد عبد الوهاب
Abstract: The research treats the issue of the Iranian nuclear programme and its reflections on Israel's national security. The research objective is to examine Israel's national security, which is based on its absolute superiority and monopoly of nuclear power in the region. The research also tracks the rise and development of the Iranian Nuclear Programme from the end of the Shah's regime up to 2014. It tries to identify the programme's infrastructure, the domestic, regional and international determinants and their impact on the regional balance of power in the Middle East . The research used a number of approaches in a complementary manner, such as the historical analytical method for the study of the available information, documents and records as basic primary sources and use them in interpretation of the political phenomena, the balance of power approach, which contributes to the understanding of the nature of the conflict between the two regional powers, and the inductive analytical approach that contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms and the dynamics of decision-making in the state. The research found that Iran has succeeded in owning a nuclear-fuel cycle that enabled it to run its reactors through national capacities, but failed in convincing the international community of the peaceful nature of its nuclear programme. Iran's success in building a military nuclear capacity would make Israel lose its power to deter and defend itself, and affects its national security. Israel and the United States sought to limit Iran's nuclear program by all means and possibilities of what constitutes a threat to the security of Israel. The research reached a conclusion that the July 2015 agreement – which was described as a "historic" agreement between Iran and the international community is the most likely scenario that outweighs the diplomatic option and international pressure among the scenarios raised during the research, and that Netanyahu has failed to prevent reaching this final agreement with Iran on its nuclear programme. The research makes a number of recommendations to free the Middle East of weapons of mass destruction, to put pressure on Israel to sign the relevant international treaties, and the need to adopt a unified Arab strategy towards Iran's nuclear programme and to resolve all outstanding differences with dialogue, conduct studies and research on the Iranian nuclear programme and its impact on Arab national security, and the future of the Iranian nuclear programme in the aftermath of July 2015 agreement.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24513


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