University of Khartoum

التفكير النقدي:المفاهيم واليات الحجاج

التفكير النقدي:المفاهيم واليات الحجاج

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Title: التفكير النقدي:المفاهيم واليات الحجاج
Author: الكدك, شمس الدين محمد علي
Abstract: This research aims to clarify and evaluate argumentation on the level of language and thought trying to go into a deeper process, i.e. criticism.It can be argued that critical thinking is an intellectual complex logical and rational process wherein a certain idea is subjected to checking, investigation and examination,so as to establish its validity.In this study the researcher dealt with methods and modalities of critical thinking, and concepts related to it.Critical thinking responds to fallacies through refutation, because fallacies are considered an obstacle to critical thinking.It is worth pointing out that people often fall into fallacies,and the definition of fallacy is that it is an intellectual error which people commit without being aware of that; hence, comes the importance of criticism and analysis, which reveals the fallacy.Taking wise decision requires consideration of the philosophical concepts such as belief honesty, rationality,objectivity and ambiguity and confusion.The critical thinking is closely linked to logic,for this reason the researcher adopted the deductive,the inductive and the analytic-critical methodologies basing on logical mechanisms, beside other mechanisms such as analytical mechanism (conceptual, philosophical and linguistic) and this approach is the only approach that suits the subject; it is clear that this approach has composite character. The research relied on basic as well as secondary references that are related to his study. The most important finding of the researcher include that: training helps critical thinking, and that critical thinking is the primary goal of man, and it plays an important role in our daily and the scientific life as well as and in other aspects of human activity. The critical thinking means progress of knowledge and advancement of science. Logic is one of the mechanismsof rationalization in addition to thinking regulating; this latter aspect can only be achieved though practice, and obviously this does not mean that aperson cannot be rational unless he studies logic; the pointhas been referred to by many people,who wrote about logic, but, anyhow, logic gives us certainty. Fallacies that are formulated in argument context affect adversely the critical thinking and destroy it. The study recommended the need to incorporate critical thinking within the educational curricula,and to stop following the traditionalmethods.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24515


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