University of Khartoum

Wetlands of Zalingei Area (West Sudan) as Birds Habitat

Wetlands of Zalingei Area (West Sudan) as Birds Habitat

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Title: Wetlands of Zalingei Area (West Sudan) as Birds Habitat
Author: Korssi, Abdallah Mohamed Abdallah Ahamed
Abstract: The study was conducted under natural conditions at Zalingei area, Sudan. Patchy studies were carried in this area, so the studies of the area become basic necessity. This study describes bird fauna in Zalingei area, with emphasis on wetlands. The objectives of this study were to identify avifauna of Zalingei, document their seasonal movements, as far as possible, quantify such changes during the wet and dry seasons and study the importance of wetlands as bird`s habitats. Since nesting habits of Sudanese avifauna are scanty, brief descriptions were also given of those breeding in the area. The investigation was carried out between April to November 2013 and April to November 2014. The area was patrolled by car and on foot from 7:00am to 7:00pm (Direct observation), Field binoculars (Samsung lens HD,Tianzhufeng, 8×40, 168ft) and Digital camera Samsung model (DV150F/DV151F/DV155F) were used for observation of birds. Identification of birds were made using East and Central African birds guide (Williams, 1991 and Sinclair and Peter, 2010). Coordinates of wetlands was done using Global Positioning System (GPS). The results were analysed using astandard statistical method in order to see the abundance and status of each species. A total of 121bird species were recorded in the area. Of these, 43 species were palaercatic migrants and 29 water birds. A total of 28299 individual birds were found in the area, in 2013 and 30737 in 2014. There are no perennial streams in Zalingei area. There were seasonal streams such: Wadi Azoum, Wadi Areebou, Wadi Galabat and Wadi Dhab-Sharow. They dried up during December to May leaving 8 Pools. Also two small lakes were observed. Most of these Pools and Lakes (wetlands) had water all months of the years (2013, 2014). They proved to be very important for birds. Birds showed an increase in both numbers of species and individuals in the wet season and this is attributed to habitats changes (the area had dry and wet seasons). Movements of Palaearctic migrants species had to do with seasonal changes of avifauna. The importance of the wetlands was emphasized. Eight species were found to be rare and they need protection especially the Egyptian Vulture Alopochen aegyptiacus which is an endangered species worldwide. The study showed that Zalingei area can qualify as Ramsar site (wetland of importance) and as well as Important Bird Area (IBA). More research on avifauna of Zalingei area was recommended, especially nesting and breeding success.
Description: 178 Pages
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24518


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