University of Khartoum

Micronutrients Dietary Intakes of Pregnant Sudanese Women

Micronutrients Dietary Intakes of Pregnant Sudanese Women

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Title: Micronutrients Dietary Intakes of Pregnant Sudanese Women
Author: Saeed, Amal; Shommo, Sohair AM; Zumrawi, Faiza Y; Saeed, Amal M
Abstract: Nutritional imbalance could cause detrimental effects to the pregnant woman by influencing pregnancy outcome and impair breast milk composition. Fetal growth and development are strongly linked with maternal supply of essential nutrients but how the nutritional status of the mother influences her health, and that of the fetus is still not clear. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine micronutrient intake of pregnant Sudanese women in their third trimester. Focus was on micronutrients vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 folate, vitamin C, and minerals; sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc. Methods: Dietary intake of pregnant women (n=81) in their third trimester attending Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Khartoum State assessed by 3-days 24-hour dietary recall sheet. Diets consumed converted to nutrients using Nutri-survey software package. Database modified from other food composition tables. RDA values based on FAO/WHO/UNU reference values. Results: Most of the pregnant mothers were from middle economic class and educated. Eighty-eight percent (88%) of the babies were normal whereas 12% had LBW. Results of the mean intakes of 13 nutrients (68.4%) for all subjects were below RDA, The minimum intake recorded for vitamin A, which is <20% than RDA. Income and mothers education positively correlated with most of the nutrients. Age correlated very significantly with protein intake (r=0.77, P=0.00). Conclusion: All subjects were at high risk of anaemia, VAD and zinc deficiency. Micronutrients status of the pregnant mothers is mainly influenced by dietary intake. Iron and zinc supplements, good nutrition, nutrition education and counseling are crucial for maternal and newborn health.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24552


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