University of Khartoum

Ticks (Acari:Ixodidae) and Tick-borne Parasites of Camels(Camelus dromedarius) in Eldindir Locality, Sinnar State, Sudan

Ticks (Acari:Ixodidae) and Tick-borne Parasites of Camels(Camelus dromedarius) in Eldindir Locality, Sinnar State, Sudan

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Title: Ticks (Acari:Ixodidae) and Tick-borne Parasites of Camels(Camelus dromedarius) in Eldindir Locality, Sinnar State, Sudan
Author: Elsheikh, Sawsan Sirelkhatim Mohammed
Abstract: This study was conducted in Eldindir locality in Sinnar State from September to December 2014 to determine the prevalence of ticks infesting camels and to determine effect of sex, age and coat colour of the animals on the ticks′population. It was also in fended to establish possible occurrence of tick-borne parasites of camels. The clinic records from Eldinder Veterinary Clinic were obtained from 2012 to 2014 to know monitor occurrence of cases of tick-borne diseases in camels. Five villages; Umm Eidan, Elmsharma, Waddian, Leweisa and Elbardana were selected as representative aeras for the locality. The animals were resident camels which had not been treated with acaricides or other drugs during the study period. The animals were divided into four age groups (1 year to less than 3 years old, 3 years to less than 6 years old, 6 years to less than 10 years old and older than 10 years). Ticks were identified and recorded according to species and sex. Three genera and eight species of ticks were identified. These were Hyalomma dromedarii (51.8%),H.rufipes(22.1%),Amblyomma lepidum (13.4%), H.anatolicum (5.9%), Rhipicephalus sanguineus, (5.2%), R.decoloratus(0.7%), H.impeltatum (0.5%)and H.truncatum (0.4%).The results showed no signifigant differences between tick types collected from male and female camelsand between ticks on different age groups. However, signifigant differenece was found in the number of ticks oncamels with brown coat colour (11.16±1.02)andon camels with white coat colour (7.20±0.53). The study revealed that there were no tick-borne parasites detected in the blood smears from camels and there were no cases ofticks-borne diseases in camels in the clinic records of Eldinder Veterinary Clinic during 2012 to 2014. The results of the current study revealed that ixodid tick infestation is widespread among camels in Eldinder Locality, Sinnar state, with great species diversity.regading further studies to study the role of camels in the distribution of ticks and to study the tick's frequency and measures of control, long term study in other parts of the region involving all animal species is recommended.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24575


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