University of Khartoum

Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among a Sample of Sudanese Orthodontic Patients

Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among a Sample of Sudanese Orthodontic Patients

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Title: Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among a Sample of Sudanese Orthodontic Patients
Author: Abdulkareem, Ghassan Bahir
Abstract: Background: Dental anomalies are not infrequently observed by the dental practitioner. It can seriously affect appearance and function of the patients. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and distribution of dental anomalies among a sample of Sudanese orthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional study of Sudanese patients orthopantomographs. A total of 1225 patient (265 males and 960 females) were screened for the presence of impaction, hypodontia, supernumerary teeth, Peg shaped lateral incisor, hypercementosis, taurodontism, odontoma and transposition. Pearson chi-square test was used to analyze the presence and the frequency of each dental anomaly by gender. Results: At least one dental anomaly was reported among 291 patients (23.7%). Impaction was the most frequent one (11.1%) and the canines was the most affected tooth, followed by congenitally missing teeth (8%), mandibular second premolar was the most involved one, supernumerary teeth (2.9%), peg shaped lateral incisor (2.6%), hypercementosis (0.5%), taurodontism (0.2%) odontoma (0.2%), and the least was transposition (0.1%) of one canine interchange with lateral incisor. No significant difference was observed in dental anomalies between genders (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of dental anomalies in the present study was within the range of that reported in the literatures. Impaction was a predominant one. Careful diagnosis simplify treatment plan and reduce complications. Alternative treatment modalities can be planned and performed with a multidisciplinary team approach restoring the esthetic and function.
URI: http://khartoumspace.uofk.edu/123456789/24581


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